Expand All
  • Expand the “1 in 4” requirement nationwide. Currently, the “1 in 4” requirement applies to cropland in the Prairie Pothole National Priority Area, which includes portions of Iowa, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

  • Q What is the “1 in 4” requirement for prevented planting?

    A
    Acreage must be physically available for planting to be eligible for a PP payment. The “1 in 4” requirement is a part of the condition that the acreage must be physically available for planting. The “1 in 4” requirement states , the acreage must have been planted to a crop, insured, and harvested (or if not harvested, adjusted for claim purposes due to an insured cause of loss) in at least one out of the previous four years.
  • Q Whose responsibility is it to prove the “1 in 4” requirement?

    A
    It is the producer’s responsibility to provide documentation to the AIP. In most cases, when the producer has recent history of farming the acreage, providing documentation is a simple task that can be verified with the agent. If the land is newly acquired, the producer may need assistance from the AIP in proving the requirements have been met.
  • Q I recently acquired acreage. The previous operator is unwilling to provide their records. How do I prove that the acreage was planted, insured, and harvested in at least 1 of the last 4 crop years?

    A
    Producers are encouraged to work with their agent in providing documentation. Approved insurance providers (AIPs) have access to data that can assist with verifying insurance history. There are other methods such as satellite imagery that may be beneficial when proving if a crop was planted and/or harvested.
  • Q If I am unable to meet this requirement, will my acreage be eligible for prevented planting coverage in the future?

    A
    Once the acreage fails to meet the 1 in 4 requirement, the acreage is required to be planted, insured, and harvested (or if not harvested, adjusted for claim purposes due to an insured cause of loss) in 2 consecutive years before again being eligible for prevented planting coverage.
  • Q Will the “1 in 4” requirement be retroactive?

    A

    This requirement is proposed to be effective starting for spring crops in 2021, or when the regulatory changes can be made. At that point, to be eligible for a prevented planting payment, the acreage must have been planted, insured, and harvested (or if not harvested, adjusted for claim purposes due to an insured cause of loss) in at least one of the preceding four crop years.

     

    For example, for acreage to be eligible for PP in 2021, the acreage must be planted, insured, and harvested (or if not harvested, adjusted for claim purposes due to an insured cause of loss) in 2017, 2018, 2019, or 2020.

  • Q What if I have received a prevented planting payment for each of the last four crop years but it has been on different land?

    A
    The “1 in 4” requirement applies to physical acreage (land), not the producer, or the farming operation. If a prevented planting payment had been made on the same acreage for the last four previous years, the requirement has not been met. Any time the “1 in 4” requirement cannot be met, the acreage is considered physically unavailable to plant and the acreage must be planted, insured, and harvested (or if not harvested, adjusted for claims purposes due to an insured cause of loss) for 2 consecutive years before prevented planting coverage can be provided on the acreage.
  • RMA will add an exception allowing the producer to receive a prevented planting payment on a different crop if they can prove their intent to plant the other crop based on inputs applied or available to apply.

  • Q If I intend to plant corn in Field A but am prevented from planting by the final planting date for corn and instead plant a portion of Field A to soybeans, am I able to claim the remaining unplanted acres of Field A as prevented planting corn? I do not have history of planting 2 crops in the same field at the same time.

    A
    The proposed changes will allow the producer to claim prevented planting corn on the unplanted portion of a field even though part of the field is planted to soybeans. The producer will be required to provide proof of intent to plant the prevented planting acres to the crop claimed as prevented planting (corn) and not to the crop that was physically planted (soybeans) on a portion of the acreage. In this scenario, the producer may be eligible for prevented planting corn on the unplanted acres if they can provide adequate documentation that they had intended to plant the entire acreage in the field to corn (seed receipts, fertilizer inputs, etc.).
  • RMA will extend the use of a producer’s intended acreage report to establish eligible prevented planting acres in a new county to 2 consecutive years (instead of just 1 year).

  • Q If I acquire land in a county where I have not planted a crop for which prevented planting insurance is available, how do I establish prevented planting eligible acres?

    A
    The producer is allowed to establish eligible acres for prevented planting purposes by submitting an intended acreage report to their agent by the sales closing date (or within 10 days of land acquisition, if acquired after the sales closing date). The producer will declare their planting intentions for the new land on the intended acreage report. If prevented from planting, the acres (and crops) from the intended acreage report will be used to establish eligible acres for prevented planting purposes. The proposed change will allow the use of the intended acreage report for the first two consecutive crop years, instead of just the first crop year. This will allow for crop rotation to be considered when establishing eligible acres for prevented planting purposes.
  • Allow acreage that is planted with an uninsured second crop following a failure of a first crop within the same crop year to not be subtracted from the prevented planting eligible acreage.

  • Q If I plant an uninsured crop following a failed insured crop on the same acreage in the same crop year, will the uninsured crop acres be subtracted from my prevented planting eligible acres?

    A
    No. Uninsured second crop acres planted following a failed first insured crop on the same acreage in the same crop year will not be subtracted from prevented planting eligible acres. Without the proposed change, both acres of planted insured and planted uninsured acres are required to be subtracted from prevented planting eligible acreage.